Economy of Cyprus Hasan Hilmi Efendi, a Turkish Cypriot poet, was rewarded by the Ottoman sultan Mahmud II and mentioned to be the “sultan of the poems”. Epic poetry, notably the “acritic songs”, flourished throughout Middle Ages. Two chronicles, one written by Leontios Machairas and the opposite by Georgios Voustronios, cover the entire Middle Ages until the top of Frankish rule (4th century–1489). The bodily relief of the island is dominated by two mountain ranges, the Troodos Mountains and the smaller Kyrenia Range, and the central plain they encompass, the Mesaoria.
The Mesaoria plain is drained by the Pedieos River, the longest on the island. The Troodos Mountains cover most of the southern and western portions of the island and account for roughly half its space. The highest level on Cyprus is Mount Olympus at 1,952 m (6,404 ft), positioned within the centre of the Troodos range. The slender Kyrenia Range, extending alongside the northern coastline, occupies substantially less area, and elevations are lower, reaching a most of 1,024 m (three,360 ft).
Beginning in 649, Cyprus endured several attacks launched by raiders from the Levant, which continued for the following 300 years. Many were quick piratical raids, but others were large-scale attacks in which many Cypriots had been slaughtered and great wealth carried off or destroyed. When the Roman Empire was divided into Eastern and Western components in 395, Cyprus became part of the East Roman, or Byzantine Empire, and would stay so until the Crusades some 800 years later. Under Byzantine rule, the Greek orientation that had been prominent since antiquity developed the robust Hellenistic-Christian character that continues to be an indicator of the Greek Cypriot neighborhood.
The southern half, although situated by the sea, can be an exclave as a result of it has no territorial waters of its personal, those being UK waters. The head of state and of the government is elected by a process of universal suffrage for a 5-12 months term. Executive energy is exercised by the federal government with legislative power vested in the House of Representatives whilst the Judiciary is unbiased of each the executive and the legislature. Also notable for a Mediterranean island, the siblings Christopher and Sophia Papamichalopoulou qualified for the 2010 Winter Olympics in Vancouver, British Columbia, Canada.
They have been the only athletes who managed to qualify and thus represented Cyprus at the 2010 Winter Olympics. The Cyprus nationwide rugby union team generally known as The Moufflons presently holds the document for most consecutive worldwide wins, which is particularly notable as the Cyprus Rugby Federation was only shaped in 2006. Cyprus can be well known for its desserts, together with lokum (also called Turkish Delight) and Soutzoukos. This island has protected geographical indication (PGI) for its lokum produced in the village of Geroskipou.